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Apparent Competition References

Dodd, A.P. 1959. The biological control of prickly pear in Australia. In A. Keast, R.L. Crocker and C.S. Christian (Eds.), Biogeography and Ecology of Australia. Monographs in Biology, VII.

Durrett, R. and S. Levin. 1996. Journal of Theoretical Biology 179:119-127.

Funasaki, G.Y., Lai, P.Y., Nakahara, L.M., Beardsley, J.W., and A.K. Ota. 1988. A review of biological control introduction in Hawaii: 1890 to 1985. Proceedings of the Hawaii Entomological Society 28: 105-160.

Holt, R.D. 1977. Predation, apparent competition, and the structure of prey communities. Theoretical Population Biology 12: 197-229.

Holt, R.D. 1987. Prey communities in patchy environments. Oikos 50: 276-291.

Holt, R.D. and B. Kotler. 1987. Short-term apparent competition. American Naturalist 130: 412-430.

Howarth, F.G. 1985. Impacts of alien land arthropods and mollusks on native plants and animals in Hawaii. In C.P. Stone and J.M. Scott (Eds.), Hawaii's Terrestrial Ecosystems: Preservation and Management. University of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Howarth, F.G. 1991. Environmental impacts of classical biological control. Annual Review of Entomology 36: 485-509.

Murdoch, W.W., Chesson, J, and P.L. Chesson. 1985. Biological control in theory and practice. The American Naturalist 125:344-66.

Schmitt, R.J. 1987. Indirect interactions between prey: apparent competition, predator aggregation and habitat segregation. Ecology 68: 1887-1897.

Settle, W.R. and L.T. Wilson. 1990. Invasion by the variegated leafhopper and biotic interactions: parasitism, competition, and apparent competition. Ecology 71: 1461-1470.

Samways, M.J. 1988. Classical biological control and insect conservation: are they compatible? Environmental Conservation 15:349-54.

Sunose, T. 1985. Population regulation of the Euonymus gall midge Masakimyia pustulae Yukwa and Sunose (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) by hymenopterous parasitoids. Researches on Population Ecology (Kyoto) 27: 287-300.

Turner, C.E. 1985. Conflicting interests in biological control of weeds. Proceedings of the

Sixth International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 1984. Vancouver.

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